Actions may speak louder than words, but words can lead to actions…

This first month of 2020 offered a veritable feast of potential inspiration for January’s blog. It was hard to choose. On the theme of prisons, there was BBC Two’s The Choir in which Gareth Malone has just two episodes to get young men in Aylesbury Young Offenders Institute to sing and viewers to cry. I know from experience, the latter was definitely easier. 

In cinemas, Jojo Rabbit, a risky, irreverent, bitter-sweet comedy about Hitler, breaks through taboos and somehow gets you laughing at the Nazis in ways they would have hated. Less amusing is Sam Mendes’s 1917, which, through its close-up filming method, dumps its audiences into the putteed boots and helmeted heads of two young British soldiers and sends them off on an impossible mission through hell. Within minutes one has snagged his hand on rusty barbed wire, a wound that alone would send all of us racing to A&E. But that is a mere scratch compared to what awaits him.

Another extraordinary BBC two-episoder, Lost Home Movies of Nazi Germany, gives deeper and more nuanced insights into both the lives and the beliefs of individuals living through those times. While Channel 4’s moving My grandparents’ War follows Kristen Scott Thomas and three other esteemed British actors as they uncover the brave roles their grandfathers played in the Second World War. 

2020 will be a year of 75th anniversaries relating to WW2 with more such documentaries, films, books (oh I wish mine too) and podcasts covering increasingly personal moments of suffering, bravery and evil. History has definitely shifted. No longer just a narrative of kings, politics and wars, it now hones in on the stories of individuals caught up in or affected by the decisions of their leaders. Our appetite to understand experiences from the two world wars has not abated, for they still touch us personally. But one day there will be no more contemporary witnesses to testify to the horrors, misery, fear and loss. No more survivors of the Shoah to remind us not to forget what can happen; to warn us that we are not immune.

Over the past five years there has been a 320% rise in Far-Right attacks globally. In 2018 alone, there were 387 violent anti-Semitic incidents – 35 in Germany, 68 in the UK… The Holocaust was clearly not enough to snuff out the thinking that leads to such evil. Which is why I have chosen last week’s commemoration of the 75thanniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz and International Holocaust Remembrance Day at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem as my blog’s focus. There the overriding message of world leaders was of the necessity for vigilance to the language of hate, discrimination and prejudice. (The full speeches are on YouTube)

I have no doubt the Jewish speakers’ speeches in Jiddish were profound and extraordinary. And Prince Charles spoke movingly about the risk of the Holocaust being placed under a glass bubble within history and urged us to re-commit ourselves to tolerance and respect. (He speaks at 1:31:30) But it was once again the German president, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, the first ever German president to address guests at Yad Vashem, who, in my view, stole the show with his impossibly difficult and brave speech. I would like to include extracts from it here because, as we approach the thankfully silent bongs of Big Ben on 31st January, I believe his words are relevant to each and every one of us to act upon in our own little ways.

Opening his address (which starts at 1.49.20) with a Jewish blessing in seemingly fluent Hebrew, he continued in English, telling the tragic stories of four individuals murdered in the Holocaust. With the humility and honesty that has become a hallmark of German leaders at such occasions, he unflinchingly took responsibility on behalf of his country:

Germans deported them. Germans burnt numbers on their forearms. Germans tried to dehumanise them, to reduce them to numbers to erase all memory of them in the extermination camps. They did not succeed…. As human beings, they live on in our memory.

Frank-Walter Steinmeier talking at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem

Referring to the Yad Vashem monument, he continued, “I stand before this monument as a human being and as a German… and I bow in deepest sorrow.”

His reference to ‘human beings’ didn’t stop at the victims and those on the side of good: “The perpetrators were human beings,” he continued, lightly emphasising each of our potential to become perpetrators or victims. “They were Germans; those who murdered, those who helped in the murdering, and the many who silently towed the line… they were Germans. The industrial mass murder of 6 million Jews, the worst crime in the history of humanity – it was committed by my countrymen. The terrible war, which cost far more than 50 million lives, is originated from my country. Seventy-five years later, after the liberation of Asuchwitz, I stand before you all as President of Germany, and I stand here laden with the historical burden of guilt.”

Gulp… I don’t know if it moves you, but I know a little of just how heavy that burden is. But as anybody dealing with criminals and/or victims can attest to, genuine admissions of guilt and acts of apology, forgiveness, restorative justice or therapy offer opportunities for reconciliation, that powerfully healing balm for wounds which threaten to fester forever. Steinmeier knows this:

“At the same time, my heart is filled with gratitude… gratitude for the hands of the survivors stretched out to us, gratitude for the new trust given to us by people in Israel and across the world, gratitude that Jewish life is flourishing again in Germany. My soul is moved by this spirit of reconciliation… a spirit, which opened up a new and peaceful path for Germany and Israel; for Germany and Europe and the countries of the world.”

I love the way Germans can speak of ‘heart’ and ‘soul’ and ‘spirit’ so effortlessly…

“The eternal flame at Yad Vashem does not go out. Germany’s responsibility does not expire. We want to live up to our responsibility. By this, dear friends, you should measure us. I stand before you grateful for this miracle of reconciliation and I wish I could say that our remembrance has made us immune to evil. Yes, we Germans remember, but sometimes it seems as though we understand the past better than the present. The spirits of evil are emerging in a new guise, presenting their anti-Semitic, racist, authoritarian thinking as an answer for the future, a new solution to new problems of our age. And I wish I could say we Germans have learnt from history once and for all. But I cannot say that when hatred is spreading…”

“Of course, our age is a different age, the words are not the same, the perpetrators are not the same, but it is the same evil. And there remains only one answer: Never again. Nie wieder. That is why there cannot be an end to remembrance…”

President Steinmeier and Prince Charles
President Steinmeier hugged by President Macron
President Steinmeier hugged by Avner Shalev, Chairman of the Yad Vashem Directorate

I am so glad that President Steinmeier was given such heartfelt hugs on returning to his seat. After Prince Charles’s slightly awkward handshake and strained smile, President Macron looked him in the eyes and embraced him followed by Avner Shalev, Chairman of the Yad Vashem Directorate, who looked like he would never let him go. Such displays of heart, soul and spirit warm me every time.

Further reading:

The Times of Israel: At Yad Vashem, German president says Germans haven’t learned lesson of Holocaust

The Telegraph: Holocaust is no mere ‘fact of history’: Prince Charles stands with world leaders against rise of anti-Semitism

The Guardian: The need to remember and retain the lessons of what became the Holocaust grows rather than diminishes. 

The New York Times: At Holocaust Memorial, a Survivor and Towering Moral Voice Says He ‘Cannot Forgive’

12 thoughts on “Actions may speak louder than words, but words can lead to actions…

  1. Thank you for sharing all this, Angela. Very moving, and important. I am reminded how very moved I was at New Year 2000 in Totnes when the Germans there (including my roommate Peter) wept about history before the rest of us.

  2. Thank you, dear Angela, for your very moving and thought-provoking Blog. You might also be interested in a film called “Hidden Life” (title taken from a George Elliott saying) … three hours long and unforgettable. At the German Embassy, I recently heard Helmuth Caspar von Moltke reading from his parents’ “Last Letters: The Prison Correspondence between Helmuth James and Freya von Moltke, 1944-1945” . Similar ideas to Steinmeier’s were expressed there as well – naturally. I am nearly 82 now and face the guilt and shame about what our forebears did, the guilt and shame about being of German origin more and more. But words like yours and Steinmeier’s also help me to understand my parents’ situation who had to live through those horrific Nazi times and felt powerless. Sadly, they never really talked about those times – I should have queried them much more intensively, but I did not dare to do it : after all, they managed to bring up my brother and myself in a relatively ’normal’ way: we had a good eduction, we were never hungry and playing in the ruins of Berlin as children did not damage us. Ich danke Dir von ganzem Herzen, Eveline

    >

    • Thank you Eveline for your very thoughtful response. I am so glad you too find comfort in Steinmeier’s humility. And of course it is easier for me to question things than it is for people from your generation. I have more psychological distance and unlike you, I wasn’t there to witness any of it. I cannot imagine what Berlin was like, but am getting a tiny idea of life in those times in this documentary: Berlin under den Alliierten: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IOFQvk6muvw . Fascinating. I also hope to see ‘Hidden Life’ this week. Herzlichen Grüssen, Angela

  3. I have read it and much appreciated it. Makes up a bit for our not being able to see you because of a rather uninspiring funeral. I do hope the opportunity will come again Love Jeremy

  4. Very glad to have the opportunity to read. some of the Steinmeier speech. I don’t normally approve of politicians apologising for things they could have had no influence on but this was in a different category altogether and very moving.

    Lots of love, Jane

    On Sun, 26 Jan 2020 at 06:55, angela findlay blog wrote:

    > angela findlay posted: ” This first month of 2020 offered a veritable > feast of potential inspiration for January’s blog. It was hard to choose. > On the theme of prisons, there was BBC Two’s The Choir in which Gareth > Malone has just two episodes to get young men in ” >

  5. As always, beautifully written and thought provoking. I am proud of you Angela. You gently probe into history, giving each reader the opportunity to explore, understand and question the nature of humanity. Thank you

  6. Very timely: thank you for this. I agree about President Steinmeier, a dignified statesman at a time when such persons are badly needed. His frank admission of past crime and enduring guilt carries an honesty and dignity. Historical guilt is not confined to any one nation, of course. Hence the importance of International unions… but that is another subject. Well done for keeping these important things before us.

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